In , the oldest surviving bowling lanes in the United States were built as part of Roseland Cottage , the summer estate of Henry Chandler Bowen in Woodstock, Connecticut.
In , the Revolutions of resulted in accelerated German immigration to the U. In , the Scottish Bowling Association for lawn bowling was founded in Scotland by clubs; it was dissolved then refounded in In , Glasgow cotton merchant William Wallace Mitchell —84 published Manual of Bowls Playing , which became a standard reference for lawn bowling in Scotland.
In , the National Bowling Association NBA was founded by 27 local clubs in New York City to standardize rules for ten-pin bowling, setting the ball size and the distance between the foul line and the pins, but failing to agree on other rules; it was superseded in by the American Bowling Congress.
In the s, Brunswick Corporation founded of Chicago , Illinois , maker of billiard tables began making bowling balls, pins, and wooden lanes to sell to taverns installing bowling alleys.
On 9 September , the modern standardized rules for ten-pin bowling were established in New York City by the new American Bowling Congress ABC later the United States Bowling Congress , who changed the scoring system from a maximum points for 20 balls to a maximum points for 12 balls, and set the maximum ball weight at 16 lbs.
Floretta "Doty" McCutcheon defeated Smith in an exhibition match, founding a school that taught , women how to bowl.
The ABC initially used bowling balls made of Lignum vitae hardwood from the Caribbean , which were eventually supplanted by the Ebonite rubber bowling ball and the Brunswick Mineralite rubber ball In urethane-shell bowling balls were introduced by Ebonite.
In the early s, Duckpin bowling was invented in Boston, Massachusetts , spreading to Baltimore, Maryland about In the English Bowling Association was founded by cricketer W.
Peifer of Chicago, Illinois invented a handicap method for bowling. Rules for target bowls evolved separately in each of the other countries that adopted the predominantly British game.
In the International Bowling Board was formed;  its constitution adopted the laws of the Scottish Bowling Association, with variations allowed at the individual country level.
In , the now-oldest surviving bowling alley for the tenpin sport was opened in Milwaukee, Wisconsin - in the basement of the Holler House tavern, containing the oldest sanctioned lanes in the United States.
In the first ten-pin bowling alley in Europe was installed in Sweden, but the game failed to catch on in the rest of Europe until after World War II.
Meanwhile, ten-pin bowling caught on in Great Britain after hundreds of bowling lanes were installed on U. In the monthly Bowlers Journal was founded in Chicago, Illinois, continuing to publish to the present day.
In Prohibition in the U. The Pete was first held in Chicago, Ill. In it was taken over by AMF. On August , the National Negro Bowling Association was founded in Detroit , Michigan , dropping Negro from the title in and opening membership to all races, reaching 30, members in About the Golden Age of Ten-Pin Bowling began, in which professional bowlers made salaries rivaling those of baseball, football, and hockey players; it ended in the late s.
In the first ABC Masters tournament was held, becoming one of the four majors in In the International Olympic Committee recognized it as the official world governing body for bowling.
In it changed its name to World Bowling. In the U. Open was founded by the PBA. On 18 September the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea featured ten-pin bowling as a demonstration sport.
On 2 August in Havana, Cuba , tenpin bowling became an international medal-level sport for the first time at the Pan American Games , and continues to this day.
On 2 February Jeremy Sonnenfeld bowled the first officially sanctioned series of three straight perfect games at Sun Valley Lanes in Lincoln, Nebraska , becoming known as "Mr.
In the World Tenpin Masters pin bowling tournament was established. In the Brunswick Euro Challenge was founded for amateur and pro pin bowling players from Europe, Asia, and the U.
In the PBA League was founded, composed of permanent 5-person teams, with an annual draft. Five main variations are found in North America , varying especially in New England and parts of Canada:.
Another form of bowling is usually played outdoors on a lawn. At outdoor bowling, the players throw a ball, which is sometimes eccentrically weighted, in an attempt to put it closest to a designated point or slot in the bowling arena.
In , bowling lanes were first built in the ground floor of the West Wing of the U. Truman , in the location of the s White House Situation Room. In , friends of then U.
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Laws of the Sport of Bowls. Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 24 January The Game of Bowls Past and Present. A History of the Game of Bowls.
The following example demonstrates tagging lanes with different kinds of traffic. See the proposal of the: The style Lane and Road Attributes visualizes, amongst others, a variety of lane-dependent tags directly while editing, and also detects some common tagging mistakes like e.
The image below shows a road tagged with the keys turn: Available languages — Lanes. Other languages — Help us translate this wiki. Retrieved from " http: Pages unavailable in Dutch.
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This page was last edited on 27 February , at Useful if access depends on the lane: For example lanes can be restricted to buses psv: Can be used for roads where the maximum allowed speed depends on the lane.
Allows description of designated turn lanes or which lanes will merge in the direction of travel. See detailed examples below.
Useful for roads where some lanes require a minimum speed or where lanes have different minimum speed.